Overview of the situation
The pandemic caused by the coronavirus spread to Niger on March 19, when the first case was notified. As of July 21, 2020, the country had registered 1,113 cases, including 1,018 cured, 26 under treatment and 69 deaths. According to the data analysis carried out by the Ministry of Public Health, the pandemic peaked on April 9 with 69 cases recorded in one day and then experienced a downward trend. This trend continues despite the progression of the pandemic in Zinder, as well as in the regions of Agadez and Diffa, which were, until April 30, 2020, the only regions spared by COVID-19, and do so. that 169 health workers, or 18.4% of this category of staff, are among the confirmed cases. According to the WHO, people aged between 20 and 59 years are the most affected and represent 72% of cases tested positive while 21% of cases belong to the age group of 60 years and over. The proportion of adolescents (10-19 years) among the positive cases is 6% and that of under 10 years is 1%. Globally, two out of three patients are men, but this proportion varies according to the age group.
According to WHO experts, slowing the progression of the pandemic does not necessarily mean that it is under control as it could rather be the result of the poor performance of the surveillance strategy and the weakness of the monitoring system. alert. It should also be noted that detection capacities are limited in Niger and in Africa in general. The average in Africa is 9 tests per 10,000 people compared to 256 tests per 10,000 people in Italy and 134 tests per 10,000 people in the USA. In Africa, a comparison made by the WHO on the evolution of confirmed cases between Niger, which performs screening on symptomatic cases, and three other countries (Namibia, Mauritius, Angola) which practice systematic screening, shows that Niger has a capacity of 0,
On the other hand, encouraging results have been recorded in the management of cases. According to an analysis produced by the National Institute of Statistics (INS), as of May 3, 2020, nearly 7 out of 10 patients (69%) left cured, ranking Niger among the top four countries with the strongest records. cure rate in Africa.
To face the consequences of this pandemic, the authorities took a series of measures from March 17:
• By closing land and air borders;
• By declaring a state of health emergency throughout the country until July 11;
• And by closing the entrances and exits of the city of Niamey placed in medical isolation.
A multisectoral preparedness and response plan against Covid 19 amounting to CFAF 1,438 billion, or US $ 2.4 billion, has been drawn up. This plan breaks down as follows: health management of the pandemic (167 billion FCFA), support for the resilience of the education system (19 billion FCFA), support for vulnerable people (487 billion FCFA) and the mitigation of the economic impact (765 billion FCFA, including 331 billion in support for producers in the agro-pastoral sector).
In view of the declining trend of the pandemic, the Government decided on May 25 to lift the ban on mass gatherings, including workshops, seminars and social ceremonies, and to restore normal working hours in the city. ‘public administration. Since May 15, the city of Niamey is no longer under sanitary confinement while places of worship, in particular mosques and churches, reopened their doors on May 13. All public schools reopened on June 1 after having been closed since March 20. The reopening of restaurants, markets, shops and public and private services is accompanied by mandatory hygiene measures such as the wearing of masks and social distancing, especially in public places, markets and urban transport.